Learning to Drive in FranceLicense B: car or van
The license B allows you to drive a car which can be attached to a trailer whose weight does not exceed 750 kg. The system takes into account age, formation and success in an examination composed of a general theoretical test (on the code) and a practical test.
Which vehicles can be driven with Permit B?
Who can pass the license B?
To register for the driver's license exam,
Registration for the exam
Through a driving school
Your driving school will take care of your request for registration for the permit exam.
The driving school will ask you for the following documents:
If the driving school is registering you online, you will receive an email in the mailbox you have declared. This email will ask you to activate the account created on your behalf by the driving school.
You can choose to register yourself for the permit review.
You must create a user account on the website of the National Agency for Secured Securities (ANTS) and thus obtain your credentials.
Online Registration for Driver's License Exam
You can register online, click on this link (in French):
Agence nationale des titres sécurisés (ANTS)
You will then have to provide several documents in digital format (scanned or photographed) necessary for registration on the ANTS website:
Code (theoretical test)
The driving school will register you.
You can, if you wish, register yourself to pass the test in a centre approved by the State. You have to pay 30 € to take the exam. Your bank details will be requested at the end of the registration process.
You can prepare for the code exam by attending a driving school or by yourself.
On the day of the event, you must bring a valid or expired identification document within the last 5 years.
You receive the results by post or e-mail the same day.
After obtaining the code, you must, within a maximum of 5 years from the date of obtaining the code, take the driving test.
During these 5 years, you are entitled to a maximum of 5 attempts to pass the practical test.
If you already have another driver's license (such as category A) which, includes the code and practical test, passed in the last 5 years, you only need to pass the practical driving test.
The benefit of the code remains acquired in the event of a change, either in the training sector or in the driving license category.
There is no system of equivalence in France of a successful theoretical test in another country.
Specific sessions can be organized for candidates who have a physical disability or poor command of the French language. To find out the dates of these sessions you should contact the prefecture.
Only candidates who have declared their disability or lack of fluency in their registration file may participate in these specific sessions.
Driving (practical test)
It is possible to prepare for the examination of the license by following the courses of a driving school or by training with a relative (as an individual).
Depending on his age, it is possible to follow an apprenticeship:
in apprentissage anticipé (from 15 years) ,
in conduite encadrée (16 to 18 years)
in conduite supervisée (18 years or older) .
The practical test assesses the following points:
It lasts 32 minutes. Your examination documents are checked.
If you have completed apprentissage anticipé, your certificate is checked to ensure that you have complied with the minimum of one year of accompanied driving.
A sight test is performed. You are exempt if you have had a medical examination. In case of inconclusive test, the examiner reports the result of this test to the prefect for you to be summoned for a medical check.
The actual driving test, lasting at least 25 minutes, includes:
To be accepted, you must obtain at least 20 points and not to make an eliminatory error (such as: crossing a continuous solid line, circulation on the left, ignoring stop signs ...).
The result of the practical test
At the end of the practical test, the inspector does not give you the result.
You can find out the result of your practical test 48 hours after taking the test online:
Accéder au service en ligne (In French)
If you have failed
You will receive an accurate assessment of your performance.
If you have passed
If you have passed, you must obtain the driving license examination certificate (CEPC) to be able to drive whilst waiting for your driving license.
With an ID card, the CEPC serves as a driver's license for 4 months from the date of examination. In case of a police control, this certificate can be presented in paper version, on a Smartphone or a tablet.
You cannot drive outside of France with a CEPC
If it is your first license
You must contact your driving school to find out if they are submitting your driver's license application themselves or if it is up to you to do so. .
In most cases, during the 4 month period covered by the CEPC, the driver's license will be sent by post to your home.
If you make the request yourself, you must use the online service provided by ANTS:
Agence nationale des titres sécurisés (ANTS)
You will need to provide:
Follow your driver's license application
To find out if your driver's license is available following your passing the exam or after filing your application for a new license (or duplicate) following a theft, loss or deterioration.
Monday to Friday 7 :45 to 20 :00 and Saturday 8 :00 to 17 :00
There is a cost per minute for this service
Accès au formulaire de contact
Adding category B to your license
If you already have a motorcycle category (A, A1 or A2), you must add the new B to your driver's license.
Your driver’s license will be delivered by La Poste
If you are absent when they pass, they leave a notification slip. You then have 15 days to recover your license at La Poste Office. After this period, the license is returned to the sender and you must contact the prefecture to reapply for a driver's license.
if it is your 1st driver's license, it will be a probationary license and you will have to affix the distinctive young driver sign (commonly called sticker A ) to the rear of the vehicle.
Validity of the driving license
Category B of the driving license issued since September 2013 has a validity of 15 years.
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